There's something about Goa !
|The scenic splendor dazzles
the visitor as nature lays bare her treasures, unfolding mile after
gorgeous mile, a glorious vista of rivers, ponds, wooded hills,
valleys and white sandy beaches. White washed churches and temples
at strategic points heighten the effect of a canvas laid out by the
Artist just after completing the work. Unlike rest of India the
effusive east west embrace-reflects in every aspect of life in the
territory. Click here for more Info. Goa was ruled in prehistoric times,
and also after recorded history by a maze of Hindu dynasties,
predominant among whom were the enlightened Kadambas, preceded by the
Dravidian Dynasty and then followed by the glorious rulers of the
kingdom of Vijaynagar.
The Portuguese appeared on the scene when the conquistadors, led by Gen. Alfonso de Albuquerque defeated king Adil shah of Bijapur, son of Mahmud Gawan, in 1510. Goa began its quick climb to fame and glory after Albuquerque's conquest; silk and spices, porcelain and pearls passed in and out of Goa's harbors till she became rival to Lisbon itself. The proud colonizers said "Quem viu Goa não precisa de ver Lisboa" (whosoever has seen Goa need not see Lisbon). The city, now known as old Goa reached its zenith of grandeur in wealth and the consequent architectural beauty that began to flower in the splendid churches and mansions of the merchant princes. At close of the 16th.century brought stark reality to the sumptuously simple life of old Goa as the Portuguese, Dutch and British batted with unparalleled and
unabated fury, while at the same time warding off both Hindu and Muslim attacks. By 1750, the proud barque capital, battle sacred and plague ridden, shorn of all its pomp and pageantry had started its inexorable decline and was well on its way towards becoming a ghost city as the population started moving down the river to Panaji. (the present capital of Goa).
In 1947, when India became free, the French left with grace as did the British but the Portuguese who had always regarded Goa as " the overseas territory of Portugal" and, as such, an integral part of their country, refused to oblige Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru. Goa was finally liberated on 19th December, 1961.There was a change in Government, from system of dictatorship to democracy that ruled Goa for about 450 years. In June 1962, Tumkur Shivshankar became the first Lieutenant Governor of free Goa. Two well known Goans, Dr. Pundalik Gaitonde and Dr. Antonio Colaco were appointed to the Lok Sabha (Parliament). Both of them had taken part in Goa's freedom movement. On 20th December ,1963, Dayanand Bandodkar became the first Chief Minister of Goa. An important issue of the time was whether to join Goa to Maharashtra or to keep it separate. To decide this matter, the historic "Opinion Poll" was conducted in 1967. The towering figure, Dr. Jack Sequeira the leader of United Goans party, known as father of Opinion Poll, was instrumental for the victory in preserving Goa as a separate entity.
On 30th May 198, Goa became the 25th State of the Indian Union. The number of members of its Legislative Assembly was increased from 30 to 40.